Australia`s NDC Intended, published by the federal government in August 2015 before the Paris Agreement was adopted, has required Australia to achieve a “macroeconomic target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28% from 2005 to 2030 levels.” However, Australia has qualified its objectives by reserving the right to adapt its objective, “if the rules and other terms of support of the agreement are different in a way that greatly influences the definition of our objective.” Australia did not commit to carbon neutrality in the second half of this century. “Australia is largely on fire for climate change and I don`t understand why the Australian government is looking for ways to weaken the Paris agreement so that it and others can do less to resolve the climate crisis,” Tong said. The reduction in economic activity in Australia due to the COVID 19 pandemic is leading to a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions forecasts for 2030, although Australia has not implemented an effective climate policy. The Australian government has initiated a gas recovery instead of a green recovery and has continued to show its support for the coal industry. The government has not shown any intention to update its objective of the Paris Agreement, nor to adopt a zero net emission target, the Prime Minister expressly excluding it. The government is focusing on what is called a “technologically neutral” approach, which is opposed by its focus on gas. Investments in renewable energy have fallen to 2017 levels due to uncertainty in government policy. Climate change measures are lacking despite the increased climate impact, such as the catastrophic bushfires that engulfed several countries in late 2019 and early 2020. The CTU believes that the objective of Australia`s Paris Agreement is “insufficient”. On June 1, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the agreement.  Under Article 28, the effective withdrawal date of the United States is the fastest possible date, given that the agreement entered into force in the United States on November 4, 2016.
If it had decided to withdraw from the UNFCCC, it could be informed immediately (the UNFCCC came into force in 1994 for the United States) and come into force a year later. On August 4, 2017, the Trump administration officially announced to the United Nations that the United States intends to withdraw from the Paris Agreement as soon as it has a legal right to do so.  The formal declaration of resignation could only be submitted after three years of implementation of the agreement for the United States in 2019.   Australia`s non-land-use emissions, land use changes and forestry (UTCATF) have increased by 5% since 2014, when the federal government lifted the carbon pricing system.